Everything You Need To Know About Trampoline & Tumbling

So you’ve heard of trampoline and tumbling (T&T), but aren’t quite sure what it is and don’t know where to begin? Look no further, because this article will give you a rundown of what the sport is, why you should watch, and how to understand the competitions. 

Overview

Tumbling and trampoline is simply a version of gymnastics, similar to how artistic gymnastics and rhythmic gymnastics are just different versions of the sport. T&T has picked up in popularity in recent years, leading to a surge of competitors in the sport and interest in its competitions.

The four events in this sport are power tumbling, trampoline, synchronized trampoline, and double mini trampoline. Both men’s and women’s T&T compete on the same four events, unlike artistic gymnastics, where men and women compete on different apparatuses.

Something that is frustrating for many young gymnasts about artistic gymnastics is that no matter how good they are at one or two events, they are usually held back at their worst event’s level to compete at, because artistic gymnasts must compete all four events at one level. In T&T, competitors can choose to compete one, two, three, or all four events. 

They can even choose to compete each event at the level they are at for that specific event. For example, a competitor could compete in level four for trampoline and level five for tumbling. This is helpful for competitors who are better at one apparatus than another, as it does not hold them back. Additionally, it helps those who are not as skilled at one event or have a mental block with a certain apparatus, because they can completely skip it. This often happens with synchronized trampoline, as competitors may not have a partner. 

Events

Power Tumbling

Power tumbling is tumbling that is done on an elevated runway, often referred to as a rod floor, that gives gymnasts extra spring to perform very high flips and skills. Not only does the tumbling series often end with huge twists and flips, but this tumbling differs from other forms of gymnastics tumbling because the competitor will generally perform many flips in a row, as the runway is very long and allows gymnasts to connect more skills than they can on an artistic gymnastics floor. 




Trampoline

This event is pretty much what it sounds like! Competitors bounce high and compete many connected flips in a row. There are many difficult combinations of skills, and it is very impressive to watch. This event has gone through many changes through the years, mainly due to changes in equipment design. Current trampoline models are a lot stronger and create higher bounces than the trampolines you would find in someone’s backyard. During this event competitors compete two routines, each involving 10 connected skills. 




Synchronized Trampoline

Unlike synchronized swimming, this event has just two competitors in sync, but keeping two people exactly in time performing these skills is difficult enough! Like the individual trampoline event, these routines are 10 skills long and athletes perform in sync using two separate trampolines that are placed side by side. The difficulty of this event comes in not only in being able to perform high-level skills, but timing them to perfectly match a partner.




Double Mini Trampoline

Those new to T&T may feel that this event is similar to vault in artistic gymnastics. Although it isn’t exactly the same, it uses the same concept to perform skills. The event begins when a competitor runs down the runway to build up speed, then jumps onto a miniature trampoline, competes a flip, and dismounts off onto a mat, trying to land the skill. The competitor will generally perform one flip on the trampoline and one flip off of it. As the levels get higher, so do the tricks performed!




Governing Bodies

Although T&T has recently become more popular and is often offered at more and more gyms around the country, the United States Trampoline and Tumbling Association (USTA) has actually been around for 46 years. The USTA holds its own nationals every summer, and has its own tumbling passes and routines required of competitors, separate from the USAG routines and tumbling passes. T&T competitors can choose to go through USTA or USAG. 

The benefit of going through USAG is that USAG is associated with FIG and the Olympics, so to get a child involved with the Junior Olympics, Olympics, FIG World Championships, and other similar competitions, they should train under USAG, but both governing bodies of the sport are well-respected, professional organizations. 

Scoring

This scoring explanation is for J.O. scoring of trampoline, tumbling, and double mini. Routines are scored out of 10 total points, with each skill being worth one point. If a pass does not include 10 skills (during tumbling or double mini,) there are points that are added by judges back into the score to make sure the score is out of 10.0. Execution judges watch the routine to take points away for mistakes, and each judge can take a max of 0.5 away per skill. Besides deductions from each individual skill, judges can also deduct for falls, landing problems, going over time, or getting assistance from a coach. 

In levels one through seven there are three execution judges whose scores are added together to find the total score for the routine. In tumbling and double mini the gymnast competes twice and these scores are added together to get the final athlete’s score. 

In level eight, the difficulty comes into play. This means that if a compulsory routine is performed, the three execution scores are added together to get the final score. If an optional routine is performed, it is the three execution scores combined, but the difficulty is also factored in. For competitors with difficult skills who may not have them super clean or controlled yet, this is a good thing. 

For elite and international scoring, trampoline and tumbling uses FIG rules and regulations. All events are scored for both difficulty and aesthetics, with five aesthetic judges giving scores. The three middle scores are averaged, while the highest and lowest scores are dropped. There are no difficulty judges, as skills already have assigned points and value beforehand. The total value of all skills in a routine are added to the average of the three middle aesthetic scores, and this total equals the routine’s score.

Reigning Champs Return To Defend Titles At 2019 Canadian T&T Championships

Canada’s top T&T athletes will compete at the 2019 Canadian Gymnastics Championships this weekend, seeing who can win the national title in trampoline, tumbling, double mini-trampoline, and synchronized trampoline. There will be a men’s and women’s competition, as well as junior and senior categories. If you want to know when your favorites will be competing, a detailed competition schedule for this meet can be found here. 

US Classic Showcased Depth Of Juniors Talent

The 2019 U.S. Classic junior competition came down to the last few routines, which made for an exciting fourth-rotation finish. At the end of every event, a different gymnast had the lead. Konnor McClain came away with the all-around win, followed by Sydney Barros and Olivia Greaves in third. There were some mistakes throughout the night, but there were plenty of highlights gymnastics fans should be excited about. 

Seniors Prepare For Pan Am Games, Dolci Dominates At Elite Canada MAG

The 2019 Elite Canada MAG competition demonstrated the talent and depth in both the senior and junior ranks of Canadian men's gymnastics as Justin Karstadt and Evgeny Siminiuc won the senior and junior 16-17 all-around titles, respectively, while other gymnasts dominated the apparatus finals.

Simone Biles Proves Dominance Yet Again At 2019 GK US Classic

U.S. Classic weekend is always an eventful one, and this year’s competition was no exception. From podium training to the Hopes competition on Friday and juniors and seniors on Saturday, there was excitement all around.

Jordyn Wieber's TEDxUCLA Talk Tackles The Topic Of Resilience

July must be the month for gymnasts sharing important messages! Just a few days after Katelyn Ohashi’s gave her inspirational speech at the ESPYS, Jordyn Wieber tweeted a talk she gave at TEDxUCLA earlier this year. 

New Faces & Returning Stars Feature At US Classic Juniors

The 2019 GK U.S. Classic roster is set and the junior elite competition will take place on July 20 in Louisville, Kentucky. This meet will be the final chance for gymnasts’ to qualify to the U.S. National Championships in August. With that being said, some juniors who have already qualified for Championships might only do a few events as they prepare for the rest of the season. 

Gymnasts & Groups To Watch At The Rhythmic Junior World Championships

When it comes to rhythmic gymnastics, many of the top athletes and teams are from Europe, and several junior European Championship medalists and finalists will be ones to watch at the first FIG Junior Rhythmic Gymnastics World Championships, especially in this pre-Olympic year.

Top Seniors Compete For Hardware, Pan Ams Spots At 2019 US Classic

The 2019 U.S. Classic will take place on July 20 in Louisville, Kentucky, and there are many exciting senior gymnasts who will be competing at this event. Sponsored by GK and held at the KFC Yum! Center, the U.S. Classic is for gymnasts competing at the elite level. The GK Hopes Championships will take place the day before, and features young gymnasts who aspire to reach elite level one day.

6 Gymnasts To Watch At Elite Canada MAG

Canada's top elite men's artistic gymnasts will compete on home soil one last time in 2019 for Elite Canada. Gymnastics Canada is hosting the meet in Langsley, British Columbia, from July 17-20. Canadian national and junior world champions are a few of the gymnasts to watch at the meet, which will stream live here on FloGymnastics.

11 Times Famous Gymnasts Appeared In Pop Culture

After putting in the hard work to become gymnastics stars, many famous gymnasts have enjoyed their fame and landed roles in movies and TV shows and made other fun guest appearances in various aspects of pop culture.